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Anatomy Terms

Anterior vs. Posterior– front and back, respectively. These terms are used by anatomists to refer to the orientation of structures of the human body (often in relation to each other).

Superior vs. Inferior– above and below, respectively. More terms used to refer to the orientiation of structures within the human body

Lateral– another term used for orientation meaning “side”

Adduction– the approximation or bringing together of to structures. Another way to think of this is that you are “Add”ing two structures together, hence Adduction.

Abbduction– the separation of two structures. This is the opposite of adduction.